Mineral spirits vs turpentine are both solvents used in various ways in the woodworking shop. But what is the difference between them? And which should you use for which job? In this post, we’ll take a look at the differences between mineral spirits and turpentine, and find out when you should use each.
Before going into the article, check out whether mineral spirits vs turpentine are different or same
Mineral spirits vs Turpentine: Are They The Same or Different?
Similarity: Both of them are solvent
Various liquids exist that can dissolve other substances and are thus known as solvents. Many people who prefer to do things themselves buy and use numerous solvents for different purposes, such as cleaning or thinning paint, shellac, or varnish. Picking the right solvent makes a task simpler; using the wrong one can harm tools or ruin an entire project.
Difference: In the battle of mineral spirits vs turpentine, turpentine is more powerful than mineral spirits, however care should still be taken when using it to dilute oil- or alkyd-based paints; otherwise the paint could become too thin, causing disastrous results such as dripping or running. Although turpentine is less poisonous than petroleum-based solvents, people can still have an allergic reaction to it.
What is Mineral Spirits?
Mineral spirits are a petroleum-based product made from crude oil. It is used in paint thinners, as an organic solvent and for degreasing metal parts. It evaporates quickly and leaves no residue when it does.
Some painters choose mineral spirits as a paint thinner because it’s less expensive and sticky than turpentine. Plus, it doesn’t have as strong of an odor. However, others may still find the smell bothersome and prefer to use odorless paint thinner instead.
- Can be used sparingly
- May cause an oily residue.
What is Turpentine?
Turpentine is a pungent, yellowish-brown liquid made from the pine tree resin. It is used to thin paint and for post-painting cleanup. Turpentine can also be found in some cleaning products and insecticides. Unlike mineral spirits, turpentine dissipates slowly, often leaving a residue.
Turpentine is a solvent not made from petroleum distillates, but rather it is distilled from oleoresins of pine trees. It’s also known as spirits or turpentine or simply turps. The best grade available is called pure gum spirits of turpentine.
Because turpentine has better solvent properties than mineral spirits, be cautious when using it to thin oil- or alkyd-based paints; too much thinner will make the paint runny or cause it to drip. Even though turpentine is less poisonous than petroleum-based solvents, people can still have allergic reactions to it.
- Leaves no residue.
- It’s good for general cleaning purposes.
- Not efficiency in comparison to spirits
How to Use Mineral Spirits Vs Turpentine?
White spirits have many household uses, such as:
Mineral Spirits Vs Turpentine. Cre: Paintspraypro.com.
Mineral spirits and turpentine are most commonly used to thin oil-based paint so it can be sprayed through a standard pain sprayer. If you’re trying to thin latex (water based paint), simply use water instead.
Cleaning Paint Tools
Both solvents can be used to clean up your paint tools, along with water.
For the best results when cleaning your paint sprayer, use an automotive lacquer thinner.
After using thinner, it is essential to run water through your parts to avoid any type of residue that might be left behind.
Make sure you completely dry your parts with air or a blow dryer to prevent rust or other damage. Do not use a cloth as this will leave fibers which can ruin your sprayer.
Use caution when cleaning your paint sprayer if it has rubber or plastic parts, as these solvents can damage those materials. Always consult with the manufacturer of your specific model before beginning any cleaning process.
If you’re looking for an easy way to degrease your car parts and tools, try soaking them in turpentine or mineral spirits. For immediate results, wipe the area or tool you need to clean with a rag soaked in one of these solvents and watch the grease come right off.
***Tips: Using any type of solvent on your tools and parts? Always remember to wipe them with a clean cloth afterwards. Otherwise, they might leave behind a residue that will then affect your paint or paint sprayer.
Removing Paint Spills
If you’re quick, simply use white spirits or turpentine to get paint off of surfaces! Let the area affected by the spill soak for a bit then wipe it away.
If the spill has already dried, is too large, or on carpeting– letting the area soak for an extended period will do the trick; just keep repeating this process until the paint is gone.
Mineral Spirits vs Turpentine: Which is The Best Solvent for You?
If you’re looking for a solvent in the battle of mineral spirits vs turpentine, we recommend choosing odorless mineral spirits for your comfort. The nearly nonexistent smell will allow you to avoid any headaches, and the fumes aren’t as pronounced. However, be sure to still seal the container when they aren’t actively being used.
Are Turpentine and Mineral Spirits Bad for Our Health?
According to Wikipedia, creating odorless white spirits has been done by refining it to remove the VOC’s. You can also purchase an odorless turpentine or mineral spirits. The odor is one of the crucial factors of the battle mineral spirits vs turpentine.
To rid products of their smell, manufacturers often mix chemicals with the substance which in turn decreases its potency. Always take necessary safety precautions when using any sort of chemicals by ensuring the area is ventilated, wearing gloves and a paint respirator mask.
To avoid health complications, always wear gloves and a paint respirator mask. Also, use white spirits or turpentine in a well ventilated area.
If you get mineral spirits or turpentine on your skin, wash it off immediately with soap and water. It can cause irritation, skin burns, and rashes!
Turpentine has a more potent smell than mineral spirits; you’ll know it when you catch a whiff because it smells incredibly bad! And that’s all for mineral spirits vs turpentine.
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