If you are in the market for power tools, you must have come across the trending discussion about brushless drill VS brushed.
If you are a newbie in the woodworking industry, investing in a power drill is the first step in launching your career.
The existence of various power tool models from different manufacturers may complicate your decision-making process.
To achieve maximum productivity at the workplace, professionals require power tools that guarantee them control and freedom to accomplish tasks.
Knowledge of the specification of power tools is vital because the market place offers numerous types of devices.
Here, the article outlines the specific features that distinguish a brushless drill from a brushed.
This post also explains the merits and demerits of each type of drill motors so that you make an informed decision when purchasing a motor drill.
How a Power Drill Works
A power drill is an essential tool in the woodwork and construction projects.
Before dwelling on the details about brushed drill VS brushless, it is vital to understand how a motor drill operates.
The power drill is made to convert the electrical energy to mechanical energy.
The different specifications of electric motors, brushed or brushless, run on the same principle of electromagnetism.
As the motor windings receive power, a temporary magnetic field is created.
The effect that arises can then repel or attract the unit’s permanent magnets.
The magnets in electric motors facilitate the spinning motion of the motor shaft.
As the spinning continues, the current moves to different parts of the winding. The engine is powered, and the rotor turns continuously.
Operational Differences in a Brushless Drill VS Brushed
A brushed drill
The oldest drill in the power tool market is the brushed type invented in the 19th century. The motor drill has undergone various modifications to improve its operations.
A brushed drill derives its power from a brushed electric motor that has the following components; carbon brushes, commutator, magnets and the armature.
As the motor gets energized, charge moves from the battery through the carbon brushes into the commutator.
The armature and the commutator are attached to the motor shaft.
The armature, which consists of copper windings receives the charge from the commutator.
The armature and the commutator rotate on the motor shaft, which is within the motor.
The carbon brushes and magnets form the stationary components of the electric motor.
The carbon brushes are suspended by springs to enable them to make physical contact with the rotating commutator.
As current passes through the armature, electromagnetism occurs in the copper windings making the armature to spin.
A brushless drill
A brushless electric motor powers a brushless drill. The brushless electric motor is a recent technology invented in the 20th century.
However, its popularity has risen just recently due to its efficiency and durability.
The brushless technology in electric motors eliminates the need for commutator and carbon brushes.
The circuit board is the alternative component that replaces carbon brushes and commutator.
The other components of a brushless drill include the magnets and the armature.
The position of these two components is reversed compared to the location of the same parts in a brushed drill.
The magnets are positioned to the rotor while the armature is fixed and is stationary outside the motor.
A circuit board facilitates the energy delivery to the armature. A brushless drill also has a sensor that detects the rotor’s motion.
As circuit board regulates the power that travels to the armature, an electromagnetic field is created. The magnets position on the motor shaft starts spinning.
The original design of all brushless drills is similar.
However, small improvements can have significant on the performance of motor drill and its application.
For instance, motors that lack groove on steel rolling possesses low inductance which makes them perform faster with fewer ripples.
The other factor that affects the performance of a drill is a rotor pole number.
The higher the number of rotor poles, the less the speed and more torque.
Brushless motor is controlled by control algorithms which may be either trapezoidal, sinusoidal or vector commutation.
The control algorithm depends on factors such as the control software and the hardware.
The control software represents the program that is used to run the brushless drill motor.
There are merits and demerits associated with each type of control algorithm used.
Pros and Cons of a Brushless Drill VS Brushed
When examining the models of a brushed drill VS brushless, a woodwork expert, should know following merits and demerits of each type.
Merits of a Brushed Drill
A brushed drill is relatively cheap as compared to the brushless type. Since the brushed motor drill has been in existence for a long time, you can find high-quality, cost-effective drills.
It is cheap to perform simple repairs on a brushed drill. A few technical problems of a brushed motor drill can be solved with ease. There are also numerous spare parts for a brushed motor drill.
A brushed drill comes with simple controls that are easy to perform.
Brushed drills are reliable for use in any woodworking project.
Demerits of a Brushed Drill
Brushed drills over time experience wear and tear as a result of friction among the various components.
You will incur additional costs for replacement of the worn-out brushes and other parts.
Brushed drills also require regular maintenance. The components of this device are close, which may bring about a breakdown.
You need to ensure that the power tool is in excellent condition by regularly checking the components.
The brushed drills also experience overheating, which slows down the operation of the device.
Overheating may force you to abandon the work and give it time to dissipate the heat before you resume activities.
A lot of time could be wasted during the process.
Merits of a Brushless Drill
A brushless drill has the following advantages;
There are low maintenance costs when using a brushless drill. Since brushless drills do not have carbon brushes, the depreciation rate of the components is slow compared to the regular motor drills.
A brushless drill is more powerful than regular motor drills.
The availability of sensors in a brushless drill determines the amount of power required to break the resistance.
The circuit board is capable of adjusting the power supply that matches with the surface resistance.
Brushless drills utilize minimum power as compared to brushed type.
The brushed motor drills use the same amount of energy in every task, which leads to energy losses.
Durability- Brushless motor drills are relatively durable compared to the regular brushed motor drills.
Lack of friction among the brushless motor components reduces the rate of wear and tear.
Moreover, the machine does not experience frequent breakdown since there is no overheating of the device
Brushless drills also have longer battery life in comparison with the brushed motor drills.
A professional working with a brushless drill will spend more time on the job without charging the batteries.
The batteries last long because the electronic circuit board determines the current that should be used for a particular operation.
Minimal noise and heat are produced- Unlike in brushed drills which have carbon brushes that are in physical contact with the commutator, brushless lack the brushes.
Since there is no friction between the parts, less heat and noise is generated.
The brushless motor drills are ideal for use in homes since they are noiseless and highly efficient.
Compact nature- Brushless drills are designed to carry less weight and are smaller than brushed motor drills.
Brushless technology also facilitates the inclusion of designs to improve the performance of the device.
Its compact nature ensures that the device is portable.
Brushless drills also have more torque and speed in comparison with the regular brushed motor drills.
The absence of brushes eliminates the friction that slows down operations.
Brushless drills are also more efficient since they have extra power needed to complete tasks.
Demerits of a Brushless Drill
The cost of acquiring a new brushless drill is higher compared to the brushed motor drill.
The design and the components that make up a brushless drill drive the cost of production, making it an expensive working tool.
However, the device is worth the price since the maintenance costs are low.
The brushless drill is also expensive to repair in case of a breakdown. The spare parts for repair are costly and hard to find, unlike those of a brushed motor drill.
Brushless Drill VS Brushed: Which is the Best?
The choice of the power tool with the best specification will depend on your particular needs.
If you need an efficient, durable and light machine, the brushless motor drill is the best option.
Moreover, if you regularly work with motor drills, the brushless type is the superior brand since it does not need regular maintenance.
Brushless drills are the best in general because they perform well, have a long product life and are noiseless.
A brushed drill is also a high-quality device for professionals who rarely use motor drills. If you consider the cost, a brushed motor drill will be a perfect choice.